Tuesday, 14 May 2013

Largest Star.

VY Canis Majoris is the largest known star.
It is a Red Hyper giant .
It is located in Canis Majoris constellation .
VY Canis Majoris is  about 1,975,000,000 kilometres (1.227×109 mi) in diameter.
It is about 3900 Light years far from earth .
If it is placed at center of solar system , then its boundary would cross Jupiter.
It has an average density of 5 to 10 mg/m3


Monday, 13 May 2013

God Particle

We often call bosons as God particle;
Bosons are the particles with integer spin number i.e. 0,1,2,3.Because they are the fundamental particles of matter. 
Photons γ 
These particles are responsible for electromagnetic force.
They make up electromagnetic radiation.
Photons are said to have zero mass. 
Higgs boson 
These particles are responsible for mass.
Was first theorized by Peter Higgs.
Discovered in CERN labs at Large Hydron Collider in 2012. 
Mass of Higgs boson is approx 125 GeV(1 electron volt = 1.60217657 × 10-19 joules) 
This is hypothetical particle responsible for weak force, gravity. 
Gluons are the particle responsible for the strong force.
This force exists between the Quarks.
These cause strong nuclear force.
W and Z bosons
W  and  Z  bosons are weak action bosons.
W bosons have positive or negative charge at time of action with electrons or positrons .
While Z boson remains neutral .
Behavior of bosons cans be explained with the help of Feyman Diagrams.

Sunday, 12 May 2013

Structure of wave or electromagnetic radiation.

Electromagnetic spectrum

Structure of wave

Our neighbouring galaxy.

Andromeda  is a spiral galaxy approximately 2.5 million light-years (2.4×1019 km) from Earth in the Andromeda constellation.


Saturday, 11 May 2013

Supernova in detail.

Supernova is term use to define an explosion of dying star.

There are many types of stars wiz dwarfs, main sequence stars, giants, super giants.

The mass of super giants is approximate 1000 solar masses.

In a star, hydrogen and helium atoms fuse to form elements of next generation.

During the lifespan of super giant, iron is the last element of fusion series.

As iron is a heavy element, it stays in the core of star.

 Fusion evolved shells.

As the iron in the core of star increases, due to gravity, the pull of star towards centre increases.

Now there are two forces:

1)       Gravity towards centre.

2)      Pressure towards surface.

The star shrinks towards centre, but the pressure too increases.

After some period the force towards surface becomes more than gravity.

Due to this, the star explodes.

During the explosion hard X-rays and gamma rays are released from the poles of

 star, this is called as gamma ray burst.

This explosion is called as SUPERNOVA.

Super nova leaves a long time impression on galaxy.

All the precious metals are created at times of supernova.

A supernova in our neighborhood i.e. 5 light years can wash of all life on earth.

After supernova, depending upon the mass of star it turns into a black hole or a neutron star.

Some images:

The Crab Nebula was a star once. It exploded as a supernova in 1054, and was so bright that it was visible during the day for 23 days and at night for two years. At its center is the Crab Pulsar: a rapidly spinning neutron star.

Saturday, 13 April 2013

Mathematical formulation of time.


Time slows for an object when it is in motion.
therefore , Time is inversely proportional to speed.
that is , Speed of object = 1/speed of time on object.*constant
Time also slows near a heavy object.
therefore , Time is inversely proportional to mass of  an object because it exerts gravity .
 that is , Mass of an object =1/speed of time on that object,*constant
adding the two equations, we get
Speed of object + Mass of object = 2/speed of time on object.*constant
therefore ,    Speed of time on object = 2 / ( Speed of object + Mass of object)*constant

Monday, 25 March 2013


Antimatter is created when thunder glow.

When there is a thunder electrons in large amount are created due to static electricity generate by friction of clouds on each other.
When these electrons collide on the atoms present in molecules of dust and water , photon is created.
Depending up on the angle wavelength of the wave of photon varies.
In some of the cases gamma rays and X-rays are created.
When these rays collide with  an uncharged nuclei an electron and an anti electron  (positron) is created .j

The sound we here is of colliding clouds is matter colliding on antimatter.

Friday, 13 July 2012


Time is a very interesting phenomenon.
It may sound funny, but it is true that the speed f time
also depend upon our mental status.
One day I and my brother were playing a computer game,
we started playing at 9.pm and after sometime I stopped playing but I was extremely surprised 
to know that it was 11.30pm where else I thought that the time must be somewhere around 10.pm.
One day I and my cousin planed to study over night we started at 10.pm after long time I started feeling sleepy I decided to have some tea I saw the time it was just 11.pm where else I thought that time must be around 3.am .
It is said the time is inversely proportionally to gravity.
That is if gravity is more than time close slower.
But how can it be possible where else the speed of time should be constant.
But at the same time we know that the speed of motion is also inversely proportionally to gravity
What is time?
It is a concept made with the reference to movements.
We always have tried to travel time but we have never succeeded to do so.

Monday, 4 June 2012

Strings and universes

Strings are like rubber bands rotating to form spheres.
These spheres contain parallel universes identical to our universe.
But while rotating these strings are filled with quantum fluctuations.
These fluctuations lead to creations of microscopic wormholes,
which are shortcuts in space time and dimension.
These wormholes remain until quantum fluctuations,
but they are extremely stable as they do not burst of with
evolution of energy in mass quantity.
The strings have extremely powerful electromagnetic force which converts
Matter to Dark-matter.
The strings also help in maintaining shape of internal universe.
We can also call strings as an electromagnetic force surrounding quantum multiverses.
The rotation of strings is faster than anything present in the internal universe,
hence nothing from the internal universe escapes from the strings.
The opening of wormhole is exactly opposite to end of wormhole,
like two end points of diameter of circle.
Once any object comes near one end of wormhole, the force of the wormhole will
attract the object towards it mouth.
And if the wormhole is stable the object will travel to the other end of wormhole,
but if the wormhole is unstable it will burst off like antimatter.
The structure of strings and multiverses in the universe is symmetrical too that of our universe.

Saturday, 2 June 2012


According to this theory
Strings are the fundamental particles
of matter and are the branes or boundary  of
our universe .
And  all the universes are similar .
When matter of the internal universe collides with the
the external strings they became dark matter.
Branes or strings are boundaries of universe.

Monday, 16 April 2012

Dark matter

  1. In astronomy and cosmology, dark matter is a currently unknown type of matter hypothesized to account for a large part of the total mass in the universe. Dark matter neither emits nor absorbs light or other electromagnetic radiation, and so cannot be directly seen with telescopes. 
  2. Dark matter is estimated to constitute 83% of the matter in the universe and 23% of the mass-energy.
  3. Dark matter's existence is inferred from gravitational effects on visible matter and gravitational lensing of background radiation, and was originally hypothesized to account for discrepancies between calculations of the mass of galaxies, clusters of galaxies and the entire universe made through dynamical and general relativistic means, and calculations based on the mass of the visible "luminous" matter these objects contain: stars and the gas and dust of the interstellar and intergalactic medium. 
  4. The most widely accepted explanation for these phenomena is that dark matter exists and that it is most likely composed of heavy particles that interact only through gravity and possibly the weak force; however, alternate explanations have been proposed, and there is not yet sufficient experimental evidence to determine which is correct.
  5. Many experiments to detect proposed dark matter particles through non-gravitational means are underway.
  6. The fundamental particles of dark matter are made up of photons moving like like electrons in an atom and their electromagnetic converts other photon to dark matter .    

Saturday, 14 April 2012

Sound fact

It is good that sound does not travel through vacum otherwise there
would be no life on Earth due to the sound of nuclear reaction on SUN.

Basic introduction to Electrons

Electrons are the outermost particles of an atom .
They are the most reactive particles of an atom in electronic and chemical reaction.
The have a mass of nearly 1/1847 times an Atomic Mass Unit.
They are negatively charged .
Electrons are mostly not decayed during an instability.
They are decayed only in an electromagnetic reaction .


Light is an important part of Electromagnetic spectrum.
It is made up of photons that move spirally .
It is the only visible part of electromagnetic spectrum ( by naked eyes ).
Sky is not blue it is violet because it has shortest wavelength in the light spectrum
The red light is used in warning or alarm systems as it is the most visible color as it has longest wavelength. 

Friday, 16 March 2012

How universe was created

Matter is created as the result of high electromagnetic force and high gravity.
Because everything is more or less affected by electromagnetic force.
There are many cosmic forces that we are unaware of.
We do not even know 0.1% of this massive universe.
 When matter was created equal amount of anti-matter was also created.
It was the beginning of time and universe.
After that our universe made up of matter and universe made up of  anti matter started moving apart and
It is still moving till now.
We cannot try that with highly powerful electromagnets because:-
  Matter and antimatter move away faster than the speed of light;
  When antimatter collides with matter the amount of energy released will as much as by a supernova;
If we try this the effects can be up to destruction of whole planetary system and even the sun.
Even if space has vacuum and zero gravity, it still lays friction; it is an unknown cosmic force.
The total amount of matter or antimatter will be zero.
We also split zero i.e. 0=-1+-2+1+2.
That can be called as the origin of time
Now modern quantum physics has stated that everything has its particle and there is one common particle 'Indion'
which is also called as god particle.
Atoms and photons are formed latter due to the gravitational attraction and repulsion of 'Indions'.
Even light, microwaves, X rays, gamma rays and other waves in EMS are having quantum particles.
If these collide with antimatter they will get destroyed and will reflect back, but even if earth is not in
The center of this cosmos there are thousands of galaxies and nebula completely surround earth an act as a shield
So light cannot go and cannot come from there.
This can also be called as parallel universe.
There is no or very less evidence for existence of parallel universe.
Yes but our existence proves their existence because EVERY MATTER HAS ITS OWN ANTIMATTER. 

Saturday, 25 February 2012

Physics: The force of creation

Physics: The force of creation: Matter is created as the result of high electromagnetic force and high gravity . When matter was created equal amount of anti-matter ...

Physics: life of a massive star

Physics: life of a massive star: In this universe there are many clouds of helium and hydrogen called as nebula. Due to the inter atomic gravity they start to v...

Physics: black hole

Physics: black hole: Black hole is a place in space time of nearly ∞ density . It is created after the supernova of a very big star . It has a diamete...

Physics: multiverse




black hole

Black hole  is a place in space time of nearly ∞ density . It  is created after the supernova of a very big star . It has  a diameter of 20 kms but it can destroy  whole galaxies due to its gravity .It completely stops  time . It converts matter in taken  to hard x rays ,γ rays and light on its poles . The mass of a black hole increases up to nearly 1440 solar masses  after that, it turns in to a neutron star and remaining matter is converted in to hawking’s radiation.

life of a massive star

In this universe there are many clouds of helium  and hydrogen called as nebula. Due  to the  inter atomic  gravity they start to vibrate and there is nuclear fusion  due to the heat produced by vibration and a star takes birth .Depending on the mass of star its life is nearly 10 million years when the iron core of the star increases the star explodes forming a hypernova or a supernova after a hypernova or a supernova  if the core  has mass more than 3 solar masses  it becomes a black hole and if less it becomes a neuton  star. When a black hole’s mass becomes 1.4 times solar masses  it turns into a neutron star.

The force of creation

Matter is created as the result  of high electromagnetic force and high gravity . When matter was created equal amount of anti-matter was also created .It was the beginning of time and universe .After that our universe made up of matter and universe made up of  anti matter started moving apart and it is still moving till now.